Effect of Diabetes on Dental Health

Our wonderful bodies are made up of a complex network of organs and organ systems that serve specific functions and enable us to enjoy the beautiful world around us. Although we may not be conscious of how each organ is connected to the other, we are frequently reminded of this fact. November was diabetes awareness month and while we direct our attention to better food and drink choices, adopting a healthier lifestyle, and controlling blood sugar levels with medications, as a Dentist I would like to bring to light some of the effects diabetes has on our teeth and gums.

Diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease (also known as the disease of the tooth-supporting structures) are chronic diseases affecting a large number of populations worldwide.

Diabetes affects various parts of our body and can cause retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy. In addition to these, diabetes also has an effect on the synthesis and breakdown of bone in our body also known as bone metabolism.

Alveolar bone (the bone that supports our teeth) loss is one of the main outcomes of periodontal disease, and diabetes is among the primary risk factors for periodontal disease. Studies have shown the risk of periodontal disease to be 3-4 times higher in people with diabetes than in non-diabetic individuals and patients with diabetes mellitus are at risk of having more severe forms of periodontal disease. The severity of periodontal disease is related to the level of glycemic control. This means if a diabetic patient has poorly controlled blood glucose levels, their periodontal condition is likely to get worse which can cause teeth to become loose, abscesses to form in their gums for no apparent reason, and may also result in slow healing after dental procedures such as a tooth extraction or deep cleaning. Other oral manifestations of uncontrolled diabetes can include xerostomia (dry mouth), burning sensation in the mouth (which may possibly be related to neuropathy), impaired/delayed wound healing, increased incidence, and severity of infections, secondary infection with candidiasis and parotid salivary gland enlargement.

Diabetes and the complications associated with it can be debilitating for many individuals. Treating this complex disease takes a team of healthcare providers from various disciplines who are able to assess the patient and provide recommendations for treatment. From a dental standpoint, it is crucial that diabetic patients visit their dentist every 6 months and follow the recommendations of their dentist for treatment. Maintaining a good oral hygiene regimen at home is also essential to alleviate the effects of diabetes on periodontal tissues. Just as your eyes are considered as windows to your soul, your oral health is the window to your overall health.

Dr. Dhruv Dang, D.M.D Dentist, Cass Family Clinic Network, Cassopolis, Niles, MI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Dhruv R. Dang
Dental Director, CFCN

97.5 Y-Country Medical Minute – Be Prepared. Don’t Drink and Drive

97.5 Y-Country Medical Minute – Be Prepared. Don’t Drink and Drive

Aired 1/2/2019

The Holiday Season is one of the most dangerous times of the year for alcohol-related accidents and death.  The holidays may technically be over, however, many families will continue to gather this month to celebrate. This week’s Y-Country Medical Minute quickly discusses tips on how to enjoy time with friends and family without drinking and driving.

Think Ahead

Designate a sober driver – Each person in the group should take turns throughout the year being the designated driver.   Things you can do to say ‘Thank You’ is to offer to pay for their meal, offer gas money, or even pay for their soda. 

Party buses or limos are also a good option for a large group to go out and enjoy the evening without worrying about who will stay sober to drive. 

Be the Hostess with the Mostest

Hosting a holiday party?  Offer fun and festive non-alcoholic drinks for the designated sober drivers.   A few suggestions:  Non-Alcoholic Sparkling Cider, Shirley Temples, Sherbet Punch. 

Last Minute Decision

When faced with a situation where you have had too much to drink and do not have a ride home, stop and consider your options.  

  • Call a friend or family member
  • Ask the bartender to call a taxi or shuttle service
  • Call an Uber

Y-Country Medical Minute

Tune in to the Y-Country Medical Minute brought to you by Cassopolis Family Clinic Network every Monday morning at 8:40 on 97.5 Y Country, during the Matt Malone Morning Show.

97.5 Y-Country Medical Minute – Halloween Safety

97.5 Y-Country Medical Minute – Halloween Safety

Aired 10.29.2018

Happy Halloween! This week’s Y-Country Medical Minute quickly discusses helpful tips on how to keep you and your family safe this Halloween.

 Costume

  • Wear well-fitted masks, costumes, and shoes to avoid blocked vision, trips, and falls.
  • Accessories should be short, soft, and flexible. (Swords, Knives, Fairy Wands)

 

Safe Trick-Or-Treating

  • Make sure to examine all treats for choking hazards and tampering before eating them.
  • Always trick-or-treat in groups or with a trusted adult. Never trick-or-treat alone.
  • Fasten reflective tape to costumes and bags to help drivers see you.
  • Use a flashlight to see where you are going and also for drivers to see you.
  • Eat only factory-wrapped treats. Avoid eating homemade treats made my strangers.
  • Always use sidewalks if available, or on the far edge of the road facing traffic to stay safe.

 

Y-Country Medical Minute

Tune in to the Y-Country Medical Minute brought to you by Cassopolis Family Clinic Network every Monday morning at 8:40 on 97.5 Y Country, during the Matt Malone Morning Show.

97.5 Y-Country Medical Minute – Mumps 101 10.15.2018

97.5 Y-Country Medical Minute – Mumps 101

Aired 10/15/2018

Over the years, we have all heard of mumps a time or two. But what is it? This week’s Y-Country Medical Minute quickly discusses what mumps is, the symptoms, and how you can help reduce the risk of getting it.

What is it?

Mumps is a disease caused by a contagious virus.

What are the Symptoms?

Usually known for puffy cheeks and swollen jaw mumps causes swollen salivary glands.
Other symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • A headache
  • Muscle Aches
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of Appetite

What to do if you have these symptoms?

Call your primary care provider as soon as possible to schedule an appointment.

How can you reduce your risk?

The best way to reduce your families risk of getting mumps is to get the measles-mumps-rubella shot (MMR shot).  Talk to your provider about the MMR shot for you and your family.

Y-Country Medical Minute

Tune in to the Y-Country Medical Minute brought to you by Cassopolis Family Clinic Network every Monday morning at 8:40 a.m. on 97.5 Y-Country during the Matt Malone Morning Show.

 

97.5 Y-Country Medical Minute – Breast Cancer Awareness

97.5 Y-Country Medical Minute – Breast Cancer Awareness

October is National Breast Cancer Awareness Month. According to the Breast Cancer Foundation, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. This week’s Y-Country Medical Minute quickly discusses what you can do to reduce your risk of breast cancer and how to take steps toward early detection.

What can I do to reduce my risk of breast cancer?

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Stay physically active
  • Eat fruits and vegetables
  • Do not smoke
  • Limit alcohol consumption

Early Detection is Key

  • Perform monthly breast self-exams
  • Be sure to talk to your healthcare professional if you notice anything unusual
  • Schedule annual women’s exams
    • After age 40
    • It is encouraged for women over 30 who have a history of breast cancer in their immediate family

Y-Country Medical Minute

Tune in to the Y-Country Medical Minute brought to you by Cassopolis Family Clinic Network every Monday morning at 8:40 a.m. on 97.5 Y-Country during the Matt Malone Morning Show.

97.5 Y Country Medical Minute – Flu vs. Cold 10.1.2018

97.5 Y Country Medical Minute – Flu vs. Cold

Aired 10.1.2018

Fall is officially here and along with the cooler temperatures comes cold and flu season. While flu and the common cold are both respiratory illnesses, they are caused by different viruses and need to be treated differently. This week Y-Country Medical Minute quickly discusses the difference between cold and flu systems.

How do you tell them apart?
Flu and the common cold have a lot of similarities in symptoms so it is often difficult to tell them apart.

  • Flu symptoms often come on suddenly and cold symptoms are often more gradual.
  • Fever, aches, chills are more common with the flu.
  • Chest discomfort cough and headaches are common flu symptoms.

If I have flu symptoms what should I do?

If you are experiencing flu-like symptoms, call your primary care provider and schedule an appointment to be tested for the flu virus.

How can I prevent the flu?

  • Get a Flu Shot.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Stay away from those who are ill or who have the flu.

Y-Country Medical Minute 

Tune in to the Y-Country Medical Minute brought to you by Cassopolis Family Clinic Network every Monday morning at 8:40 a.m. on 97.5 Y-Country during the Matt Malone Morning Show.